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Provocatively drawing a sharp contrast between African countries that have rejected the aid route and prospered and others that have become aid-dependent and seen poverty increase, Moyo illuminates the way in which over reliance on aid has trapped developing nations in a vicious circle of aid dependency, corruption, market distortion, and further poverty, leaving them with nothing but the "need" for more aid.
In this book, Thomas Dichter, an insider with more than 35 years' experience, offers a critique of what he terms the "international poverty alleviation industry." He argues that efforts to reduce world poverty have been well-intentioned but largely ineffective. And that, on the whole, the development industry has failed to serve the needs of the people it has sought to help. To make his case, Dichter reviews the major trends in development assistance from the 1960s through the 1990s, illustrating his analysis with eighteen short stories based on his own experiences in the field.
From the series Perspectives on Labour Migration, this working paper takes up an important aspect of the current migration and development debate--the role of diasporas and transnational communities as contributors to the development of their origin countries.
Does Knowledge Management Equal Capacity Development? Lessons Learnt in Reforming the Serbian Ministry of Finance
In this case study, the author explains the key role that Knowledge Management (KM) played during the final stage of a seven-year capacity development project, begun in 2001, at the Serbian Ministry of Finance. The author shows how KM, one of several approaches used to manage change, proved to be the most effective for institutionalizing new work processes and tools at the Ministry. Although, this was not without major challenges. The author shares lessons learned, which together with the main findings, can be instrumental in preparing other institutional development or KM initiatives.
Through an anthropological lens, using examples from working in an international NGO, the author explores the gaps between development rhetoric and practices, suggesting that people both contest and collude with bureacucratic systems of rule.
A review of current literature concerned with the growing numbers, changing functions, and intensifying networks of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) which have had significant impacts upon globalization, international and national politics, and local lives. Studies of these changes illuminate understandings of translocal flows of ideas, knowledge, funding, and people; shed light on changing relationships among citizenry, associations, and the state; and encourage a reconsideration of connections between the personal and the political.
A study commissioned by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation that examines "what really works" at the grass roots level when considering providers' capacity building services. It presents nine core capacity building principles based on research conducted in the United States.
The report offers lessons learned and examples of how U.S. nonprofits have become stronger, more sustainable and better able to serve their communities. It reflects an explicit faith in planning and other standard business practices driven by senior management. In addition to the study, the report presents the well-known McKinsey organizational capacity assessment tool (OCAT) developed to help nonprofit leaders and staff assess their operational capacity and identify for themselves their strengths and areas for improvement.
According to the authors, "many reform initiatives in developing countries fail to achieve sustained improvements in performance because they are merely isomorphic mimicry—that is, governments and organizations pretend to reform by changing what policies or organizations look like rather than what they actually do. The flow of development resources and legitimacy without demonstrated improvements in performance, however, undermines the impetus for effective action to build state capability or improve performance.