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Wise executives tailor their approach to fit the complexity of the circumstances they face.
The book draws on the work of thinkers and doers throughout the world who have grappled with the challenge of planning complex institutions, especially health systems and development projects. The authors advocate facilitated participatory planning (FPP) as an effective way of working in a world that is complex, competitive, and fast-changing; a world where managers, staff and other stakeholders must have their say and own the ideas for any plan to work.
This study combines both extensive and intensive analysis of development assistance programs in Asia, focusing on five case studies which provide the basis for the author's strong conviction that Third World development assistance programs must be part of a holistically-perceived learning process, as opposed to a bureaucratically-mandated blueprint.
Philanthropic interventions into poor communities can build on or bypass community assets. Bypassing them can shortcut community sustainability. What should philanthropy consider? The author examines "a fundamental conundrum built into the helping relationship that confounds so many well-meaning attempts to be effective in both the aid business and the philanthropic sector."
Has Civil Society Helped the Poor? A Review of the Roles and Contributions of Civil Society to Poverty Reduction
This paper sets out to explore the achievements of civil society in the area of poverty reduction. The focus is mainly on three domains: 1) Advocacy; 2) Policy change and 3) Service delivery. Three case studies illustrate how poverty can be addressed at various levels through different approaches.
How can an outside party ("helper") assist those attempting to undertake autonomous activities (the "doers") without overriding or undercutting their autonomy? The answers could have implications for the helping agency itself. If development is seen basically as autonomous self-development, then there is a subtle paradox in the whole notion of development assistance: How can an outside party ("helper") assist those undertaking autonomous activities (the "doers") without overriding or undercutting their autonomy?
The purpose of this paper is to map today's debate about the effectiveness of conditionalities and adjustment lending back into the older balanced versus unbalanced growth debate. A 'Christmas tree' of conditionalities on an adjustment loan is in general ineffective in developing 'ownership' or in generating sustainable change. Development agencies need to select for genuine commitment to policy reforms on the part of client governments rather than think that such commitments can be 'bought' with aid.
Horizontal evaluation is a flexible evaluation method that combines self-assessment and external review by peers. The authors describe how they developed and applied this method for use within an Andean regional network that develops new methodologies for research and development (R&D). The central element of a horizontal evaluation is a workshop that brings together a group of 'local participants' who are developing a new R&D methodology and a group of 'visitors' or 'peers' who are also interested in the methodology.
In response to growing demand around learning in the capacity development field, Packard decided to conduct a broad assessment of their work in this area. Their 1400 grantees over the past several years were consulted to learn in the following areas:
The major development agencies have ex cathedra 'Official Views' (with varying degrees of explicitness ) on the complex and controversial questions of development. At the same time, knowledge is now more than ever recognised as key to development—in the idea of a 'knowledge bank' or knowledge-based development assistance. The author argues that these two practices are in direct conflict. When an agency attaches its 'brand name' to certain Official Views, then it becomes very difficult for the agency also to be a learning organisation or to foster genuine learning in its clients.