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This report is the synthesis of a five-stage research and development (R&D) process that examined the Local Capacity Development Fund (LCDF) initiative.The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) provided feedback on and input into SNV Netherlands Development Organization's major assumptions about the LCDF delivery channel, as well as specific analysis of case studies of approaches to supporting capacity development.
"This article focuses on the emergence of support organizations that play strategic roles in the evolution of development non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as a sector of civil society. We begin with a discussion of sector challenges from outside (such as public legitimacy, relations with governments, relations with businesses, and relations with international actors) and from inside (amateurism, restricted focus, material scarcity, fragmentation, and paternalism).
The authors argue that America's "safety net programs are in a double bind. Demand for them is spiking. At the same time, government officials at the federal, state, and local levels are facing a fiscal crisis, moving to curtail spending on many social programs in the face of a weakened economy and reduced tax revenues." Given the competing pressures of increased demand and depleted resources, they describe the Family Independence Initiative (FII) as a way to reimagine how to support struggling families.
Scaling up is about "expanding impact'" and not about "becoming large,'' the latter being only one possible way to achieve the former. The experiences of five Indian nongovernment organizations (NGOs) suggest the emergence of a new paradigm of scaling up, in which NGOs become catalysts of policy innovations and social capital, creators of programmatic knowledge that can be spun o and integrated into government and market institutions, and builders of vibrant and diverse civil societies.
"In promoting a 'New Policy Agenda,' bilateral and multilateral donor agencies are keen to finance nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and grassroots organizations (GROs) on the grounds of their economic efficiency and contribution to 'good governance.' This paper reviews the impact of this trend on NGO/GRO programming, performance, legitimacy and accountability. It finds that much of the case for emphasizing the role of NGOs/GROs rests on ideological grounds rather than empirical verification.
The Uganda Program for Human and Holistic Development (UPHOLD) was a USAID funded health program implemented by JSI, that included the award of 46 grants to local CSOs.
The author examines social movement networks as a venue for understanding how constituencies of different races, ethnicities, classes, genders, immigrant status, ability, and so on, come together around a common concern with the aim of bringing about some type of societal change. By reviewing the scholarly research and interviewing creative, committed leaders who have built movements, even in the most unfriendly environments, she aims to deepen our understanding of the networks that support them.
Why do development projects, and AIDS projects in particular, take the forms they do? In this essay, the authors argue that it is because the conflicting interests and world views of the key actors involved—donors, brokers, and villagers—leave only a narrow range of themes and practices that can "work" on the ground. They discuss how certain themes and practices "work" in the sense that they satisfy the varied agendas of the major actors sufficiently to sustain their day-to-day cooperation.