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The 1992 Rio Earth Summit emphasized thinking globally, but acting locally to address critical environmental problems and achieve sustainable development. In response, a restructured UN Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme (SGP) became the financial mechanism to support action for the newly agreed-upon environmental conventions. This publication recounts the ground gained in the course of twenty years of supporting communities and civil society organizations in their efforts to implement environment-cum-development initiatives.
Although the international development community invests billions of dollars to improve organizational capacity, real-life practice is poorly understood and undervalued as a distinct professional domain.This publication, written by practitioners for practitioners, is designed to fill these gaps. Practical illustrations draw on experiences from the civic, government and private sectors. A central theme presents capacity as more than something internal to organizations.
This paper examines how accountability is practiced by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Five broad mechanisms are reviewed: reports and disclosure statements, performance assessments and evaluations, participation, self-regulation, and social audits. Each mechanism, distinguished as either a ''tool'' or a ''process,'' is analyzed along three dimensions of accountability: upward–downward, internal–external, and functional–strategic.
This article challenges a normative assumption about accountability in organizations: that more accountability is necessarily better. More specifically, it examines two forms of "myopia" that characterize conceptions of accountability among service-oriented non-profit organizations: (a) accountability as a set of unconnected binary relationships rather than as a system of relations and (b) accountability as short-term and rule-following behavior rather than as a means to longer-term social change.
This article explains how GlobalGiving’s storytelling project turns anecdotes into useful data.
"To fulfill their promise, civil society organizations (CSOs) must themselves grapple with clarifying their legitimacy as social and political actors and their accountabilities to key stakeholders that ensure that they contribute to the public good. This paper teases apart some of the complexities of civil society legitimacy and accountability and describes examples of the growing array of systems and practices for responding to legitimacy and accountability challenges.
A review of current literature concerned with the growing numbers, changing functions, and intensifying networks of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) which have had significant impacts upon globalization, international and national politics, and local lives. Studies of these changes illuminate understandings of translocal flows of ideas, knowledge, funding, and people; shed light on changing relationships among citizenry, associations, and the state; and encourage a reconsideration of connections between the personal and the political.
An introduction to Pact's Local Governance Barometer (LGB), a tool designed to help generate timely and positive encounters between different actors, link them, and clearly establish each individual's role and how it relates to local development. This report details the evolution of the LGB, provides three case stories describing its application, and presents a synthesis of lessons learned and results from these initial applications.
This booklet outlines the 12 most important lessons and some good practice examples of how Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members should partner with CSOs. The lessons emerge from DAC peer reviews, the study entitled How DAC members work with CSOs (OECD, 2011) and a workshop on What makes for good co-operation between DAC members and CSOs, organized by the OECD in October 2011. Workshop participants included DAC members and representatives from northern and southern civil society.