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'Teach a Man to Fish': The Sustainability Doctrine and Its Social Consequences
An analysis of the social consequences of the commitment to ''sustainability" in donor-funded AIDS programs. Using survey, interview, and ethnographic data from rural Malawi, the authors examine how eﬀorts to mobilize and empower local communities aﬀect three strata of Malawian society: 1) the villagers whom these programs are meant to help, 2) the insecure local elites whose eﬀorts directly link programs to their intended beneﬁciaries, and more brieﬂy, 3) the national elites who implement AIDS policies and programs. Describes indirect eﬀects of sustainability on the experiences, identities, and aspirations of Malawians—eﬀects that are much broader and deeper than the direct impacts of funding.